Could you explain how hours of service and hours to drive work?

These are the main clocks we have to go by in a nutshell.

11-Hour Driving Limit
May drive a maximum of 11 hours after 10 consecutive hours off duty.

14-Hour Limit
May not drive beyond the 14th consecutive hour after coming on duty, following 10 consecutive hours off duty. Off-duty time does not extend the 14-hour period.

Rest Breaks
May drive only if 8 hours or less have passed since end of driver’s last off-duty or sleeper berth period of at least 30 minutes. Does not apply to drivers using either of the short-haul exceptions in 395.1(e). [49 CFR 397.5 mandatory “in attendance” time may be included in break if no other duties performed]

70-Hour Limit
May not drive after 70 hours on duty in 8 consecutive days. A driver may restart a 8 consecutive day period after taking 34 or more consecutive hours off duty.

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